All You Need To Know About Glaucoma

Glaucoma is the second commonest reason for blindness worldwide and is a gaggle of eye issues that may result in imaginative and prescient loss by damaging the optic nerve

Glaucoma is the second commonest reason for blindness worldwide and is a gaggle of eye issues that may result in imaginative and prescient loss by damaging the optic nerve

Glaucoma is the second commonest reason for blindness worldwide and is a gaggle of eye issues that may result in imaginative and prescient loss and blindness by damaging the optic nerve. In India, the illness impacts over 12 million individuals yearly. It’s usually related to a rise in intraocular strain (IOP) which is the strain shaped inside the attention. Nevertheless, not all circumstances of glaucoma are brought on by excessive IOP, and never all circumstances of excessive IOP result in glaucoma. Understanding the illness and the way it can have an effect on you is likely one of the methods we are able to purpose to scale back the burden of this situation in India.

Dr Mitesh Jatanlal Bafna, Cataract and Refractive Surgeon, ASG Eye Hospitals, Mumbai explains the sorts of glaucoma and the way the prevalence of Glaucoma will increase with age and other people over 40 years of age are extra vulnerable.

Sorts of Glaucoma

  • Major open-angle glaucoma: That is the most typical sort and happens when the drainage angle within the eye is open, however the fluid inside the attention shouldn’t be draining correctly. This results in a rise in IOP and may injury the optic nerve.
  • Angle-closure glaucoma: This situation happens when the drainage angle within the eye is closed or partially blocked, which additionally results in a rise in IOP.
  • Regular-tension glaucoma is a sort of glaucoma that happens even when the IOP is throughout the regular vary. The reason for normal-tension glaucoma shouldn’t be totally understood, however it might be associated to poor blood circulation to the optic nerve.

Signs

Early levels of the situation don’t present any signs in some circumstances, nonetheless because the situation progresses, Dr Bafna explains how one may expertise the next

  • Imaginative and prescient loss, particularly within the peripheral imaginative and prescient
  • Halos or coloured rings round lights
  • Frequent change of glasses
  • Eye ache

These signs could be delicate and is probably not seen till important imaginative and prescient loss has already occurred.

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Therapies

Glaucoma could be managed with remedy and surgical procedure. Medicines for glaucoma embrace eye drops and tablets that assist to decrease IOP. These medicines decelerate and forestall additional imaginative and prescient loss, however don’t restore imaginative and prescient that has already been misplaced. Surgical procedure for glaucoma could also be really useful in circumstances the place medicines aren’t efficient or aren’t well-tolerated. There are a number of sorts of surgical procedure for glaucoma relying on the kind of glaucoma together with laser surgical procedure, micro surgical procedure and conventional surgical procedure.

Myths and Info

Dr Bafna feels there are a number of myths surrounding glaucoma that have to be addressed:

Fantasy – Glaucoma solely impacts older individuals

Truth – Whereas it’s true that the danger of growing glaucoma will increase with age, anybody can develop the situation. It can be crucial for individuals of all ages to have common eye exams to examine for glaucoma and different eye situations.

Fantasy – Glaucoma shouldn’t be severe and could be ignored.

Truth – That is unfaithful and glaucoma can result in blindness if left untreated. You will need to see an eye fixed physician and comply with their suggestions for remedy to assist forestall imaginative and prescient loss.

Fantasy – Glaucoma could be cured with pure treatments.

Truth – Whereas some pure treatments could assist subjectively, they don’t seem to be an alternative choice to medical remedy. You will need to see an eye fixed physician and comply with their suggestions for remedy.

You will need to have common eye examination to examine for glaucoma and different eye situations. Threat components for glaucoma embrace age, household historical past of glaucoma, excessive energy glasses, trauma over eye, steroid abuse, and sure medical situations resembling diabetes and hypertension. In case you have any of those threat components or are experiencing signs of glaucoma, it is very important see an eye fixed physician as quickly as attainable. Early prognosis and remedy will help to sluggish or forestall imaginative and prescient loss.

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