Intercourse could permeate our common tradition, however conversations about it are nonetheless related to stigma and disgrace in Indian households. In consequence, most people coping with sexual well being points or looking for details about intercourse typically resort to unverified on-line sources or comply with the unscientific recommendation of their pals.
To deal with the widespread misinformation about intercourse, News18.com is working this weekly intercourse column, titled ‘Let’s Speak Intercourse’. We hope to provoke conversations about intercourse by this column and tackle sexual well being points with scientific perception and nuance.
The column is written by sexologist Prof (Dr) Saransh Jain. On this article, Dr Jain will talk about the signs of HIV and what you are able to do in case your accomplice is HIV constructive.
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a severe virus that damages the immune system. For those who or your accomplice has been recognized with HIV, it’s necessary to know what the signs are and the right way to handle them and the way it’s transmitted so you possibly can take steps to guard your self and your accomplice. In case your accomplice is HIV constructive, there are issues you are able to do to scale back your danger of getting HIV. There are remedies accessible that may assist folks dwell lengthy and wholesome lives.
What’s HIV & AIDS?
It may be straightforward to confuse HIV and AIDS. They’re totally different diagnoses, however they do go hand-in-hand: HIV is a virus that assaults the physique’s immune system, making the particular person contaminated susceptible to different infections and sicknesses.
AIDS is probably the most superior stage of HIV an infection, and could be lethal and often known as stage 3 HIV.
AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is a syndrome, or vary of signs, that will develop in time in an individual with HIV who doesn’t obtain therapy. An individual can have HIV with out growing AIDS, however it’s not attainable to have AIDS with out first having HIV.
What are the signs of HIV?
There is no such thing as a one-size-fits-all reply to this query, as HIV doesn’t at all times produce signs & the signs of HIV can vary from gentle to extreme and may differ from individual to individual. HIV normally causes flu-like signs about two to 4 weeks after transmission. This brief time frame is known as acute an infection. The commonest signs embody:
• Chills & Sore throat
• Swollen lymph nodes
• Muscle aches and pains
These signs could be so gentle that you simply won’t even discover them and are sometimes mistaken for the flu or one other virus. Nevertheless, the quantity of virus in your bloodstream (viral load) is kind of excessive at the moment. In consequence, the an infection spreads extra simply throughout main an infection than throughout the subsequent stage. For those who expertise any of those signs for greater than 4 weeks, it’s necessary to see a healthcare supplier immediately for testing and therapy.
What to Do if Your Companion Is HIV Optimistic?
For those who’ve simply obtained the information that your accomplice is HIV constructive, you’re seemingly feeling a variety of feelings: worry, anger, confusion, and extra. You could really feel like you possibly can’t belief anybody, and that you simply’re now residing in a nightmare. It is a time when it’s essential to have a help system. You want folks you possibly can depend on that can assist you by this tough time. You additionally must just be sure you’re caring for your self each bodily and emotionally. Step one is to get examined for HIV your self. That is one thing you must do as quickly as attainable, even for those who don’t at present have any signs. Listed below are few different issues it is advisable to do as a way to defend your self and preserve a wholesome relationship:
• Get educated about HIV. There may be lots of misinformation on the market about HIV, so it’s necessary that you simply educate your self on the info. This may enable you perceive how the virus works and the right way to greatest defend your self from an infection. You additionally must find out about HIV and the way it’s transmitted. This may enable you perceive the dangers and make knowledgeable selections about your future.
• Use safety. If you will have any form of sexual contact along with your accomplice, it’s completely important that you simply use safety (condoms, dental dams, and many others). This may assist cut back your danger of contracting HIV out of your accomplice.
• Get examined usually. Even for those who’re utilizing safety throughout intercourse, it’s nonetheless necessary to get examined for HIV usually. This fashion, for those who do occur to contract the virus, you will get therapy as quickly as attainable.
• Talk brazenly and actually along with your accomplice. In case your accomplice resides with HIV, it’s necessary that you simply talk brazenly and actually with them about your individual danger components and considerations. This may enable you each make knowledgeable selections about your relationship and intercourse life shifting ahead.
Can I Stick with My Companion and Defend Myself From HIV?
Sure, you possibly can keep along with your accomplice and defend your self from HIV. There are some things you are able to do to forestall getting HIV. The easiest way to forestall HIV is to make use of condoms the best means each time you might have intercourse. You can too use PrEP, which is a every day drugs that may stop HIV. In case you are HIV-negative and have a accomplice who’s HIV-positive, you will get on PEP, which is a brief course of medication that may stop HIV when you’ve got been uncovered to it. Speak to your accomplice about their HIV standing and the way they’re managing it. This may enable you perceive their scenario and just be sure you are each on the identical web page in the case of defending yourselves.
HIV & AIDS just isn’t a Demise Sentence
Crucial factor to do not forget that HIV just isn’t a loss of life sentence. With the best therapy and care, folks residing with HIV can dwell lengthy, wholesome lives. For those who assume you could have been uncovered to HIV, or when you’ve got any questions concerning the virus, discuss to your physician or a well being care supplier. They can assist you get the data and care you want.
Prof (Dr) Saransh Jain is the winner of the Swasth Bharat Rattan Award and is a Licensed and Licensed Sexologist by the American Board of Sexology. He’s at present a Senior Advisor at Dr SK Jain’s Burlington Clinic in Lucknow. The views expressed on this article are these of the creator and don’t signify the stand of this publication.
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