Take Urgent Steps to Ratify International Treaties, Agreements Signed This Year: MEA to Ministries

The Ministry of Exterior Affairs (MEA) has requested all ministries and departments of the central authorities to urgently take steps to carry into pressure the assorted worldwide treaties and agreements signed by India whose ratification stays pending.

As per obtainable information, India had signed round 55 Memoranda of Understanding (MoU) and agreements with different nations until September this 12 months, a majority of which had been signed with the Maldives and Bangladesh.

Nonetheless, since then, Indian corporations have signed different essential agreements with overseas corporations. Notably, within the defence sector, Bharat Dynamics Restricted (BDL) and Dassault Aviation Pvt. Ltd. signed an MoU for integrating weapon methods reminiscent of Astra and Good Anti-Airfield Weapon on the Rafale fighter jet for the Indian Air Power and for export sooner or later throughout the twelfth version of the Defence Expo in Gandhinagar final month. Earlier this month, Bharat Electronics signed an MoU with the US-based Profense LLC for cooperation in manufacturing and advertising of sunshine weapons.

Round 21 treaties and agreements have been ratified by India to date in 2022.


As per the MEA tips for concluding treaties between India and overseas nations, the devices of ratification or accession are ready by the Authorized and Treaties Division of the MEA after which put up for the President’s signature. This division can also be the repository of worldwide treaties and agreements which have been concluded or signed by India. It additionally facilitates public entry to them by the Indian treaties database.

In a letter earlier this month, the MEA had requested to all ministries and departments to urgently take the steps to carry into pressure these treaties and agreements whose ratification is pending, as a part of its ongoing annual train to compile numerous treaties and agreements signed by India.

Within the letter, the MEA additional requested the ministries and departments to look at the listing of all signed treaties and agreements and to confirm the knowledge in them of these associated to their respective departments and ministries, replace with lacking data, if any, and cross-verify the treaties database and make sure that all agreements referring to them are uploaded.


Among the many numerous agreements signed by India this 12 months, a number of are beneath the MEA.

Different essential agreements within the discipline of defence and beneath the defence ministry contains an MoU between India and Egypt on cooperation within the defence sector, an MoU between India and Sri Lanka for offering a Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre and a joint declaration of intent between India and Germany on the trade and mutual safety of categorised data.

Three multilateral agreements had been signed on numerous elements reminiscent of a know-how switch facility and diplomatic coaching between Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Financial Cooperation (BIMSTEC) member nations. Established in 1997, BIMSTEC includes Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Thailand.

India has additionally signed agreements with Bangladesh, Mexico and america within the discipline of house this 12 months and essential agreements with Japan and Vietnam within the space of cyber safety.

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