In his speech to the high-level section of the UN Normal Meeting, Sameh Hassan Shoukry Selim mentioned that the world is at a fragile historic second of elevated polarization, at which severe motion, and a dedication to multilateralism, are wanted.
The fault lies, he mentioned, not within the UN system, however within the failure of Member States to respect the Group. He known as for States to reinvigorate and reform it, and urged them to not depart the method incomplete, so the UN can higher reply to challenges and meet the objectives of the folks.
On the Ukrainian invasion of Russia, Mr. Selim warned that this has exacerbated the disaster attributable to the COVID-19 pandemic, which led to an elevated burden for growing international locations, especial when it comes to rising public deficits.
There’s a want, he mentioned, for developed international locations to transform the debt they maintain into joint funding tasks, which might “create extra job alternatives and contribute to optimistic financial progress.”
There have to be a global consensus, mentioned Mr. Selim, with out threats to international locations, or the undermining of sovereignty. Present challenges, he continued, threaten the very notion of nation-states, resulting in a scarcity of respect, and the weakening of State entities, which permits non-State terrorists to manage the future of countries.
Help for international meals safety
The meals disaster confronted by Africa, claimed Mr. Selim, is the implications of a few years wherein there was a failure to hit the targets of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), notably these associated to starvation and meals safety.
With one in 5 Africans liable to starvation, and the Continent a internet importer of meals, declared Mr. Selim, the disaster must be addressed via a global technique that tackles its root causes.
Options embrace the implementation of sustainable farming and meals methods that meet the wants of individuals in meals importing African international locations whose merchandise, he declared, should allowed to be part of the worldwide provide chain with out hindrance.
Mr. Selim provided Egypt’s assist within the creation of a global hub within the nation, for the storing, supplying, and buying and selling of grain, to ensure international meals safety.
Growing international locations ‘most deserving of our assist’
Turning to the local weather disaster, Mr. Selim famous that Egypt will tackle the presidency of the COP27 UN Local weather Convention, which shall be held within the resort city of Sharm El-Sheikh this November.
He appealed to all members of the worldwide neighborhood to behave on the pledges and commitments of assist for growing international locations, to deal with the devastation impacts of the emergency. “They’re probably the most deserving of our assist,” he mentioned.
The Minister seemed ahead to the Convention reaching outcomes that can contribute to a discount in emissions, and enhanced mitigation, adaptation, and loss and harm commitments. He reminded the viewers that finance for adaptation must be doubled, that the $100 billion promised for local weather finance yearly have to be duly delivered, and that there have to be a simply transition to renewable power.
The implementation of the 2015 Paris local weather accord would reveal, mentioned Mr. Selim, that local weather motion stays an necessary precedence on the worldwide scene, regardless of the challenges dealing with the world.
Nile ‘at all times a part of Egypt’s historical past’
On water safety, Mr. Selim described the problem as a type of challenges, particularly for Center East and African international locations. A lot of these international locations, he defined, are dry and arid, however the grave human struggling ensuing from water shortages, he claimed, is usually resulting from a scarcity of respect for worldwide regulation, with some international locations monopolizing water assets, to the detriment of countries downstream.
On the subject of the Nile, Mr. Selima declared that, while Egypt acknowledges the appropriate of the Ethiopian folks to growth, this may by no means imply that the nation lets go of the appropriate of Egyptians to the river’s water, which has, he mentioned, at all times been a part of Egypt’s historical past.
A legally binding settlement relating to the functioning of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam have to be reached, mentioned the Minister, according to an settlement reached by Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan in 2015, and a 2021 Security Council decision. He known as on all three States to respect their obligations in deeds, not phrase.