Hurricane Ian hit Florida as a Category 4. Only 4 storms in U.S. history made landfall as Category 5.

Hurricane Ian made landfall in Florida on Wednesday as a robust Class 4 storm — just some miles per hour shy of a Class 5. Solely five hurricanes which have made landfall within the U.S. have been labeled Class 5. 

Hurricane energy is measured on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale. Because the Nationwide Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration explains, the scale ranges from Class 1 — which has 75 to 95 mph winds and might trigger injury to residence exteriors, bushes and energy strains — all the best way as much as a “catastrophic” Class 5.

A Class 5 hurricane has winds of 157 mph or larger. Whereas less-strong hurricanes might tear shingles or items off of roofs, a Class 5 has a excessive danger of fully destroying properties, with whole roof failure and wall collapse. 

Listed here are the only recorded Category 5 hurricanes which have touched down within the U.S.: 

Labor Day Hurricane, 1935

The primary recorded Class 5 hurricane hit the U.S. in 1935, earlier than hurricanes began receiving human names. This storm, generally known as Labor Day Hurricane, strengthened because it made its approach from the Bahamas to Florida, the place it reached the center of the Florida Keys on September 2 as a Class 5. It later made landfall close to Cedar Key, Florida, as a Class 2.

Hurricane Camille, 1969

Camille first hit the Cayman Islands and Cuba earlier than making its approach throughout the Gulf of Mexico and changing into a Class 5 hurricane. It maintained that depth because it made landfall on the Mississippi coast on Aug. 17, 1969. 

Camille was so robust, it destroyed all wind-recording devices within the landfall space, so its precise wind energy won’t ever be identified — however in line with NOAA, its winds had been estimated close to 200 mph. 

Hurricane Andrew, 1992

Hurricane Andrew traveled between Bermuda and Puerto Rico, turned westward and escalated to a Class 4. It briefly weakened over the Bahamas, however regained energy over Florida on Aug. 24, 1992. It then made its method to the central Louisiana coast as a Class 3. 

Andrew additionally destroyed wind measuring devices, however some gusts had been measured. An instrument at a personal residence measured 177 mph gusts, in line with NOAA. In 2004, researchers published a reanalysis of the depth of Hurricane Andrew, discovering the storm made landfall in lower Florida as a Class 5.

Twenty-three individuals died within the U.S. and three within the Bahamas because of Andrew. The storm induced $26.5 billion price of in injury  – $1 billion occurred in Louisiana and the remainder in south Florida, the overwhelming majority attributable to winds.

Hurricane Michael, 2018

Hurricane Michael began out as a tropical storm with 50 mph winds – however simply 72 hours later, it had elevated to a Class 5 hurricane. It made landfall in Florida on Oct. 10, 2018 with most sustained winds of 160 mph, according to the Climate Channel. 

All 4 of those hurricanes had been thought of tropical storms simply three days earlier than they struck and quickly escalated, in line with The Climate Channel. 

Storms that do not attain a Class 5 can be harmful and lethal. Hurricane Harvey, for instance, was a Class 4 when it made landfall in Texas on August 25, 2017. Harvey killed 68 individuals – changing into it the deadliest U.S. storm since Superstorm Sandy, which killed 72 individuals in 2012, in line with a National Hurricane Center report.



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