The discovering got here within the first report by the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on Ukraine, which was arrange in March this yr, on the request of Human Rights Council Member States.
A lot of the Fee’s work centered on investigations within the areas of Kyiv, Chernihiv, Kharkiv, and Sumy, the place allegations of essentially the most severe rights violations have been made towards Russian, or Russian-backed forces, early within the battle.
Fee chairperson Erik Møse mentioned that investigators visited 27 cities and settlements and interviewed greater than 150 victims and witnesses. In addition they inspected “websites of destruction, graves, locations of detention and torture”, in addition to remnants of weapons.
“Based mostly on the proof gathered thus far in the course of the Fee’s existence, we came upon after having carried out the investigations in these 4 areas simply talked about, we discovered that battle crimes have been dedicated in Ukraine,” he instructed journalists in Geneva.
It documented illegal killings – together with abstract executions of civilians – in additional than 30 settlements in Kyiv, Chernihiv, Kharkiv and Sumy areas, by Russian armed forces whereas they managed these areas in late February and March.
Different key findings from the report embody the surprisingly “massive variety of executions” in 16 cities and settlements, the place “widespread components” of the crimes included “seen indicators of executions on our bodies, akin to arms tied behind backs, gunshot wounds to the top, and slit throats”.
The report, delivered to the Human Rights Council earlier on Friday, additionally documented how explosive weapons had been utilized by the Russian Federation forces, “with out distinguishing between civilians and combatants in populated areas”.
“We have been struck by a lot of executions and different violations by Russian forces, and the Fee acquired constant accounts of torture and ill-treatment.”
Sexual violence, together with towards youngsters
Horrific allegations of sexual violence towards Ukrainian communities – together with youngsters – have been additionally discovered to be primarily based in reality.
“The Fee investigated circumstances of sexual gender-based violence. It documented circumstances during which some Russian Federation troopers made such crime,” mentioned Commissioner Jasminka Džumhur.
Ukrainian forces have been additionally accountable for human rights violations, mentioned Commissioner Pablo de Greiff: “We have now discovered two cases of ill-treatment of Russian Federation troopers by Ukrainian troopers, and we talked about this in our assertion. We have now discovered clearly considerably bigger numbers of cases that quantity to battle crimes on the a part of the Russian Federation.”
UN Photograph/Eskinder Debebe